Nephrologists are physicians who specialize in the treatment and diagnosis of kidney disorders, as well as the conditions that are related to or may have an effect on the kidneys. They are also well-trained in addressing how kidney disease affects the rest of the body.
Nephrologists manage a range of diseases that either directly or indirectly impact kidneys. Common
Chronic Kidney Disease?
Chronic kidney condition is a gradual and progressive disease that causes the loss of kidney function which can lead to kidney disease (in which harmful levels of fluid and waste can quickly build up within our bodies). The condition is often without being detected until it has severe. Five stages are present in chronic kidney illness determined by the proportion of kidney function. If you’ve had less than 60 percent kidney function for three months or more then you’re suffering from an ongoing kidney problem. “End-stage” kidney condition (or stage 5 in chronic kidney disease) is when the kidneys are less than 15% function.
Nephrologists are trained to analyze and stop the progression of chronic kidney illness and help improve outcomes. Treatment options include lifestyle changes, medicines, and, treatments for the medical conditions or causes. If you suffer from end-stage kidney disease treatments can include various dialysis methods and/or a transplant.
A chronic kidney condition or a decrease in kidney function could cause imbalances in electrolytes. An equilibrium of electrolytes is crucial to the proper functioning of the body. Electrolytes consist of minerals and salts which give an electric charge, allowing them to interact with one another and with cells within tissues, nerves, and muscles in the body. They regulate muscle and nerve functions, hydrate the body, regulate the pH (acidity) levels and aid in the movement of nutrients into cells, and eliminate waste products from cells. They also assist in rebuilding damaged tissues.
The levels of electrolytes can fluctuate when the amount of water present in your body fluctuates like sweating during exercise, dehydration, vomiting, or diarrhea. The kidneys, as well as specific hormones, regulate the amount of each electrolyte. If you suffer from kidney disease that is chronic it is crucial to keep track of the levels of electrolytes in your body.
Nephrologists may utilize urinalysis and blood tests to check for electrolytes in your blood and to assess kidney function and acid-based balance. In the event of an imbalance is found it is possible to find a variety of options available for treatment, such as oral Rehydration therapy or electrolyte replacement therapy in IV, or lifestyle and dietary modifications.
Hypertension (high blood pressure) can lead to the blood vessel becoming damaged (leading to kidney damage and renal failure) stroke, and heart attacks. Factors like smoking cigarettes, poor nutrition and not exercising and being obese or overweight, or suffering from heart disease or diabetes, are all factors that contribute to hypertension. It is common for blood pressure to rise when you suffer from chronic kidney disease. This may further hinder kidney function, even if another medical condition was the reason for the condition.
A nephrologist may assist you to manage hypertension, in order to avoid or slow the progress of kidney diseases. The doctor could advise you to alter your lifestyle if the blood pressure of your especially high, you might be prescribed medication that will reduce the pressure and keep it under control.
Other Kidney Conditions A nephrologist can also be capable of treating other kidney-related issues like kidney stones (waste products from blood that form crystals that build up inside the kidneys) and the condition known as glomerulonephritis (inflammation of the portion of the kidney that filter blood) or polycystic renal disease, and other conditions caused by rheumatological illness or a