Hemodialysis procedure is the process where dialysis machines and a filter that is specialized, known as the artificial kidney also known as a dialyzer are used to purify your blood. To allow your blood to enter the dialyzer, your doctor requires an entrance or access to your blood vessels. This is accomplished through minor surgery, which is usually done in the arm. For more information about access to hemodialysis, click here.
What is the Best time to Start Dialysis?
You require dialysis when your kidneys can’t eliminate enough fluid and waste from your bloodstream to keep you well. This is typically the case when you only have 10 % to 15% of kidney function remaining. You might experience symptoms like nausea or vomiting, swelling, and fatigue. But, even if aren’t experiencing these symptoms as of yet there is a chance that you could have high levels of blood waste that could be harmful to your body. The doctor you consult is the right person to advise you on when you’re required to start kidney dialysis.
What is the Process of Dialyzer Cleaning my Blood?
The dialyzer, also known as a filter, has two components which are for your blood and the other to wash the fluid known as dialysate. A thin membrane is what separates the two components. Proteins, blood cells as well as other vital things, stay in blood since they’re too big to cross the membrane. Smaller waste products found in blood, like creatinine, urea, and additional fluid, go through the membrane before being eliminated.
Where is the Hemodialysis Performed?
Hemodialysis is possible in a hospital, the dialysis center which is not part of a hospital, or at your home. You and your doctor determine which one is the best according to your medical condition and your desires.
How do Hemodialysis Treatments Last?
In dialysis, facility Hemodialysis treatment is typically performed three times per week for approximately 4 hours per session. Individuals who prefer to undergo at-home hemodialysis could perform dialysis treatments more frequently at four to seven times per week, with shorter durations every time.
Your doctor will write you a prescription that tells you the amount of treatment you require. Research has proven that receiving the correct dose of dialysis can improve your overall health as well as keeps you out of the hospital and allows your life to last longer. The dialysis team will track your treatment by conducting regular lab tests to make sure that you’re receiving the correct dose of dialysis. One of the methods that your dialysis provider may utilize is known as the Urea reduction ratio (URR). Another option is called Kt/V (pronounced”kay tee, over vee”). Contact your dialysis provider to inquire about what measures they employ and the number they use. To make sure you’re receiving enough dialysis:
*Your Kt/V should be at the very least 1.2 or
Your URL must be at least 65 percent.
Can I get Hemodialysis Treatment at Home?
Possibly. Some patients get their hemodialysis treatment procedure done at home. For more information on the benefits of home hemodialysis, click here.
Do I need to follow any special diet?
Yes. The majority of patients with dialysis should boost their protein intake and restrict the amount of sodium, potassium, phosphorus, and fluids within their meals. Patients suffering from diabetes or other medical conditions might have other restrictions on their diet. It is important to speak with your dietitian about your personal food preferences.
The dialysis team will track your treatment using periodic lab tests to make sure that you receive the correct amount of dialysis, and that you’re following your diet objectives. For more information about diet and hemodialysis visit this page. To learn more about knowing your lab’s values, visit here.
Can Dialysis Treat my Kidney Condition?
In the case of acute or sudden kidney failure, dialysis could only be necessary for a brief period of time until the kidneys improve. But, if chronic kidney disease becomes kidney failure with time the kidneys will not improve and you’ll require dialysis for the remainder of your life unless you can undergo an organ transplant.
Do I have to Worry about Discomfort in Hemodynamics?
At the beginning of hemodialysis the needles you insert into the graft or fistula may be uncomfortable. Patients get used to this after a while. The dialysis team will ensure that you are as comfortable as you can throughout your treatment. The symptoms of headaches, cramps, and nausea as well as dizziness are not typical however if you suffer from any of these inquire with your dialysis team for advice on which of these steps can aid you:
- Reduce the rate of removal of fluids that could lengthen the time you undergo dialysis.
- * Increase the amount of sodium in your dialysate.
- Check your blood pressure medication.
- *Adjust your dry weight or the weight you want to achieve.
- *Cool the dialysate slightly.
- Use a specific medication to avoid low blood pressure in dialysis.